Role of Universities in Promoting Innovation Policy in Southeast Asian Countries

Anugerah Yuka Asmara


Universities have been widely acknowledged as knowledge producers contributing to innovation practice in many countries. They play main role in doing research and development (R&D) activities and then commercializing outputs of R&D to market. In addition, role of university is also as producer of knowledge for innovation policy. Notwithstanding, the role of university in promoting innovation policy is rarely founded in scientific publications. This study is aimed to explain role of university in promoting innovation policy by comparing three countries in Southeast Asia namely, Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia. Three countries were called as the “Asian Tiger” in 1960s, but they have different economic growth currently. Literature studies are main data sources used to this study. Also, the post-positivistic approach and descriptive analysis technique are part of this research method. The study finding that Thailand and Malaysia have specific study course of innovation policy at universities. They have contributed to promote innovation policy at both countries.

Keywords: Role, Universities, Innovation, Policy, Southeast Asia

Full Text:




A. Books, Journals, Articles, Proceedings, and Government Documents

ADB. (2014). Innovation and inclusion for a prosperous Asia: Highlights of the 1st ADB−Asian think tank development forum. Retrieved from

Afzal, Munshi Naser Ibne; Md. Mansur, Kasim Bin Hj.; Sulong, Rini Suryati. (2017). An Empirical Investigation of Triple Helix (Th) Dynamics of Asean-5 Economies Under National Innovation System (NIS). Proceedings of International Conference on Economics 2017 Page.160-175.

Ambashi, M. (2017). ‘Innovation Policy in/for ASEAN’, in R.S. Maria, S. Urata, and P. Intal, Jr. (eds), The ASEAN Economic Community Into 2025 and Beyond, ASEAN@50, Volume 5. Jakarta: Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), pp.213–32. http://www.eria. org/5.9.ASEAN_50_Vol_5_Ambashi.pdf (accessed 30 November 2018).

Anderson, J. E. (2011). Public Policy Making, 7th Ed. Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Asian Development Bank. (2022). Asian Development Outlook (ADO) 2022 – Entrepreneurship in the Digital Age. Retrieved from

Asmara, Anugerah Yuka & Prasetyo, Andjar (2016). Kebijakan Berbasis Bukti: Studi Pada Implementasi Good Manufacturing Practice Pada Industri Makanan Di Kota Magelang. Jurnal Kebijakan Pembangunan 11 (2): 189 – 197.

Asmara, Anugerah Yuka. (2012). Meningkatkan Pemanfaatan Hasil-Hasil Riset Kebijakan Dalam Proses Pembuatan Kebijakan Iptek di Indonesia. Journal of S&T Policy and R&D Management 10 (1):49-60.

Balachandra, P., Nathan, H. S., & Reddy, B. S. (2010). Commercialization of sustainable energy technologies. Renewable Energy 35, 1842-1851.

Bolisani, E., and Bratianu, C. (2018). The elusive definition of knowledge. In Bolisani, E. and Bratianu, C. ( 2018). Emergent knowledge strategies: Strategic thinking in knowledge management (pp. 1-22). Cham: Springer International Publishing. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-60656_1.

Carayannis, E. G. & Campbell, D. F. J. (2010). Triple helix, Quadruple helix and Quintuple helix and how do Knowledge, Innovation and the Environment relate to Each other ? a proposed framework for a trans-disciplinary analysis of sustainable development and social ecology. International Journal of Social Ecology and Sustainable Development, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 41–69.

Chaminade, C., & Edquist, C. (2010). ‘Rationales for Public Policy Intervention in the Innovation Process: Systems of Innovation Approach’. In Ruud E. S., Stefan, K. & Philip, S. (eds). In The Theory and Practice of Innovation Policy (An International Research Handbook), pp. 95-114, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham-UK.

Cheney, D.W., Heaton Jr, G.R., Hill, C.T., Windhamet, P.H. (2016). Think Tanks and Related Research and Analysis Organizations for U.S. Science, Technology and Innovation Policy: A Report to NEDO. Technology Policy International, LLC.

Christensen, Jens Frøslev. (2002). Corporate Strategy and the Management of Innovation and Technology. Industrial and Corporate Change 11 (2): 263–288.

CIPE. (2022). The Role of Think Tanks. Available on Accessed on October 20, 2022.

Crumpton, Michael A. (2012). Leading Results: Innovation and entrepreneurship. Managing Library Finances 25 (3): 98-101. DOI 10.1108/08880451211276539.

Dodgson, M. (2000). Policies for Science, Technology, and Innovation in Asian Newly Industrializing Economies. In Kim, Linsu & Nelson, Richard R. (Eds). Technology, Learning, & Innovation, pp. 229-268. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dymtro, F. (2022). QS Asia University Rankings: Methodology. Retrieved from

Gault, Fred. (2018). Defining and Measuring Innovation in All Ssectors of the Economy. Research Policy 47 (3): 617-622.

Ghazali, Achmad & Martini, Lenny. (2012). Bandung as Service City in Indonesia: Role of Academician, Business, and Community. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 52: 317-324.

Guerrero, M., & Urbano, D. (2017). The Impact of Triple Helix Agents on Entrepreneurial Innovations’ Performance: An Inside Look at Enterprises Located in An Emerging Economy. Technological Forecasting & Social Change 119:294–309. doi:10.1016/j. techfore.2016.06.015.

Haneda, Shoko & Ito, Keiko. (2018). Organizational and Human Resource Management and Innovation: Which Management Practices Are Linked to Product and/or Process Innovation? Research Policy 47: 194-208.

Iddris, F. (2016). Innovation capability: A systematic review and research agenda. Interdisciplinary Journal of Information, Knowledge, and Management, 11, 235-260. Retrieved from

Indraprahasta, Galuh Syahbana. (2022). Revisiting Inclusivity and Sustainability in STI Studies: Genealogy & Contextualization. The Presentation Material of the Indonesian STI Policy Lecture Series II, was presented in 15 September 2022.

Ivanova, I. A., & Leydesdorff, L. (2014). Rotational Symmetry and The Transformation of Innovation Systems in a Triple Helix of University– Industry–Government relations. Technological Forecasting & Social Change 86:143–156. doi: 10.1016/j.techfore.2013.08.022.

Kardoyo, H., Handoyo, S., and Asmara, A.Y. (2018). Knowledge Accumulation-Based Entrepreneurship (KABE) in the Creative Industry y: A Case Study of Woodwork Firms in Indonesia. Journal of STI Policy and Management, 3(2), 161–173.

Kim, J. Y., & Lee, M. (2016). Living With casinos: The Triple-Helix Approach, Innovative Solutions, and Big Data. Technological Forecasting & Social Change 110: 33–41. Doi: 10.1016/j. techfore.2016.04.024.

Kim, L., & Nelson, R. R. (2000). “Introduction”, in Kim, Linsu & Nelson, Richard R. (Eds), in Technology, Learning, & Innovation, pp. 1-12. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kimura, F., p. Kam Wong, and M. Ambashi. (2019). ‘Innovation for ASEAN 2040’, in Kimura, F., V. Anbumozhi, H. Nishimura. (eds.), Transforming and Deepening the ASEAN Community. Jakarta: ERIA, pp.24–49.

Kozlova, O and J Noguera-Santaella (2017), ‘Are dragons and tigers catching up?’, ADBI Working Paper 737, Asian Development Bank Institute, Tokyo.

Kuhlmann, S., Shapira, P., & Smits, R. (2010). ‘Introduction: A Systemic Perspective: The Innovation Policy Dance’, in Ruud E. S., Stefan, K. & Philip, S. (eds), The Theory and Practice of Innovation Policy (An International Research Handbook), pp. 1-24, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham-UK.

Kurniasih, Heni. (2022). Kemitraan dan Kolaborasi Produsen Pengetahuan dan Pemangku Kepentingan Daerah untuk iptekin inklusif dan keberlanjutan. The Presentation Material of the Indonesian STI Policy Lecture Series II, was presented in 17 November 2022. (In Indonesian).

Mani, S. (2002). Government, Innovation, and Technology Policy. Cheltenham-UK: Edward Elgar.

Maradana, R.P., Pradhan, R.P., & Dash, S. (2017). Does innovation promote economic growth? Evidence from European countries. J Innov Entrep 6 (1).

Martin, Ben R. (2010). “Inside the Public Scientific System: Changing Modes of Knowledge Production”, in Ruud E. S., Stefan, K. & Philip, S. (eds), The Theory and Practice of Innovation Policy (An International Research Handbook), pp. 25-50, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham-UK.

Mc Gann, J. (2016). The Fifth Estate: Think Tanks, Public Policy, and Governance. Brookings Institution Press.

Medcof, John W.. (2017). Leadership Development: Towards a More Systematic Approach in Technology Management. Journal of High Technology Management Research 28: 167–178.

Mohajan, Haradhan Kumar. (2016). Knowledge is an Essential Element at Present World. International Journal of Publication and Social Studies, 2016, 1(1): 31-53.

Mohamed, Zamri. (2021). “Module 3 STI Policy Review”. ISTIC-UTM Perdana Course 5-days Course “STI Policy for Socio-Economic Development (SPED)”. Held in 30 August-4 September 2021 by online zoom. UTM Perdana Centre of STI Policy. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 1-36.

Nowacki, Robert & Bachnik, Katarzyna. (2016). Innovations within Knowledge Management. Journal of Business Research 69 (2016) 1577–1581.

Nugroho, Yanuar. (2021). Ekosistem Pengetahuan dan Inovasi Konsep dan Implementasi di Indonesia. Presented in the Science-Technology-Innovation (STI) Policy Lecture on 21 December 2021. (In Indonesian).

Parson, R. (2006). Evidence-Based Policy. A Realist Perspective: London-UK: SAGE.

Perkmann, M. & Walsh, K. (2007). University–Industry Relationships and Open Innovation: Towards a Research Agenda. International Journal of Management Review 9, pp. 259–280.

Puangpronpitag, Suteera. (2019). Triple Helix Model and Knowledge-Based Entrepreneurship in Regional Engagement: A Case Study of Thai and UK Universities. Procedia Computer Science 158 (2019) 565–572 1877-0509.

Sakapurnama, E. & Huseini, M. (2019). Building Entrepreneurial University: Case from HEI's in Indonesia. Universal Journal of Educational Research 7 (12): 2747 – 2754.

Sakapurnama, E., Huseini, M., & Soeling, P. D. (2020). Reinventing Higher Education Institution Toward 4.0 Industry Era: Modelling Entrepreneurial University in Indonesia”. Test Engineering and Management 82: 1509-1515.

Schiliro, Daniele. (2012). Knowledge-Based Economies and The Institutional Environment. Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields Vol 3(1): 42-50.

Seo, Il Won; Asmara, Anugerah Yuka; and Kwon, Ki-Seok. (2021). From Knowledge Arbitrager to Policy Entrepreneur? Exploring the Role of Think Tank in the Open Innovation System. Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy (2021) 10.3:316-329 DOI: http//

Shaw, S. E., Russell, J., Parsons, W., & Greenhalgh, T. (2015). The view from nowhere? How think tanks work to shape health policy. Critical Policy Studies, 9(1), 58-77.

Sulistyo, Heru & Siyamtinah. (2016). Innovation Capability of SMEs through Entrepreneurship, Marketing Capability, Relational Capital and Empowerment. Asia Pacific Management Review 21 (2016) 196-203.

Sutcliffe, Sophie & Court, Julius. (2005). Evidence-Based Policymaking: What is it? How does it work? What relevance for developing countries?. Retrieved from

United Nations. (2021). Inter-Agency Task Team on Science, Technology and Innovation for the SDGs and European Commission, Joint Research Centre. Guidebook for the Preparation of Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) for SDGs Roadmaps. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. JRC124108.

Wahab, Solichin Abdul. (2008). Pengantar Analisis Kebijakan Publik. Malang: UMM Press. (In Indonesian).

Windrum, P. (2008). Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Public Services. In Paul Windrum and Per Koch (Eds.), Innovation in Public Sector Services: Entrepreneurship, Creativity and Management (pp. 3-20). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.

World Bank. (2010). Innovation Policy: A guide for Developing Countries. Washington DC; World Bank Publishing.

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) (2022). Global Innovation Index 2022: What is the future of innovation-driven growth? Geneva: WIPO. DOI 10.34667/tind.46596.

B. Website Sources




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2023 STI Policy and Management Journal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright of Journal of STI (Science Technology Innovation) Policy and Management Journal (e-ISSN 2502-5996 p-ISSN 2540-9786). Powered by OJS.